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05 June, 2023

Technical SEO Checklist for Small to Medium Size Businesses

05 June, 2023

Introduction to Technical SEO

In the fast-paced digital world, having a strong online presence is crucial for small to medium size businesses to stand out among competitors. While creating compelling content and implementing effective marketing strategies are important, technical SEO plays a vital role in ensuring your website is search engine friendly. In this article, we will explore a comprehensive technical SEO checklist that can help you optimise your website’s performance and increase organic traffic.

Website Speed Optimisation

Minimise JavaScript and CSS files: Reduce the number of external JavaScript and CSS files to improve website loading speed.
Optimise images: Compress images without compromising quality using tools like TinyPNG or
Enable browser caching: Leverage browser caching to store static resources locally, reducing load times for returning visitors.
Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN): Utilise a CDN to deliver your website content from servers closer to the user’s location, enhancing page load speed.
Minify HTML, CSS, and JavaScript: Remove unnecessary characters and spaces from your code to reduce file sizes and improve loading times.

XML Sitemaps

Generate an XML sitemap: Create an XML sitemap to help search engines understand the structure and content of your website.
Submit your XML sitemap: Submit the sitemap to search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo to ensure proper indexing and crawling of your web pages.
Update and resubmit regularly: Keep your XML sitemap up to date and resubmit it whenever you make significant changes to your website.


Create a robots.txt file: Develop a robots.txt file to communicate with search engine bots and specify which pages should be crawled and indexed.
Allow search engines to crawl important pages: Ensure that search engine crawlers have access to vital pages such as your homepage, product pages, and blog posts.
Disallow duplicate content: Exclude duplicate content, login pages, or other sensitive areas that you don’t want search engines to index.

Schema Markup

Implement structured data: Utilise schema markup to provide search engines with additional information about your website’s content, such as reviews, ratings, events, and products.
Choose relevant schema types: Select appropriate schema types that align with your website’s content, industry, and goals.
Test structured data: Validate your structured data using Google’s Structured Data Testing Tool to ensure accuracy and proper rendering in search results.


Q: Why is website speed optimisation important for SEO?
A: Website speed optimisation is crucial as search engines prioritise fast-loading websites, leading to better user experiences and improved search rankings.

Q: How often should I update and resubmit my XML sitemap?
A: It is recommended to update and resubmit your XML sitemap whenever you make significant changes to your website or add new pages.

Q: Can I exclude pages from search engine indexing using robots.txt?
A: Yes, you can use the robots.txt file to disallow search engines from indexing specific pages or directories on your website.

Q: What are the benefits of implementing schema markup?
A: Schema markup provides search engines with structured data, which enhances the visibility and presentation of your website’s content in search results, leading to increased click-through rates.

In the highly competitive online landscape, implementing technical SEO practices is essential for small to medium size businesses seeking to enhance their online visibility and attract organic traffic. By optimising website speed, creating XML sitemaps, utilising robots.txt effectively, and implementing schema markup, you can significantly improve your website’s performance and increase its chances of ranking higher in search engine results.

Remember, technical SEO is an ongoing process that requires continuous monitoring and adjustments. Regularly check your website’s speed, update your XML sitemap, review your robots.txt file, and ensure your schema markup is accurate and up to date. By following this comprehensive checklist, you’ll be well on your way to optimising your website for search engines and boosting your online presence, ultimately driving more organic traffic and achieving your business goals.